Silver Cross Hospital

The way you should be treated.™

Interventional radiologists play a critical role in the treatment of cancer at Silver Cross by offering several innovative techniques that can lead to prolonged quality of life for patients. Treatments include: 

Y-90 Internal Radiation Therapy. Interventional radiologists at Silver Cross now offer selective internal radiation therapy (SIRT) for patients who have liver tumors in which the liver is the only site of disease, or the liver is the major site of disease. This highly targeted therapy involves the administration of Y-90 resin microspheres (tiny beads filled with the radioactive isotope yttrium Y-90) to selectively deliver a dose of internal radiation to liver tumors in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer. Due to the liver tumor's unique blood supply, millions of tiny spheres are delivered directly to the tumors while sparing healthy liver tissue. This blocks the supply of blood to the cancer cells and delivers a high dose of radiation to the tumor while sparing normal tissue. It can help extend the lives of patients with inoperable tumors and improve their quality of life.

Normally, patients undergo two procedures under conscious sedation; both include a procedure known as an angiogram. The purpose of the first angiogram (or mapping) is to prepare the liver for SIRT. During the mapping procedure, the interventional radiologist blocks (or embolizes) the vessels to minimize the potential for the Y-90 microspheres to travel to areas outside the liver, such as the stomach or intestine. Assuming that the results of the initial tests are acceptable, the prescribed dose of Y-90 microspheres will then be administered under a second procedure, which is typically conducted one or two weeks after the initial angiogram is completed.

Clinical studies have shown that when used in combination with chemotherapy, Y90 microspheres can shrink liver tumors more than chemotherapy alone, improve quality of life and increase life expectancy. For a small number of patients, treatment can cause sufficient shrinkage of the liver tumor to permit its removal by surgery at a later date. Normally, patients can be discharged within four to six hours of the procedure and are able to resume normal daily activities two to three days after treatment.

Chemoembolization. Chemoembolization is a treatment in which an interventional radiologist delivers a cancer-killing drug directly to the cancer through a catheter (a very thin, flexible tube) so that the cancer drug does not reach healthy tissue in other parts of the body. This treatment, which is less invasive than standard chemotherapy, cuts off the blood supply to the cancer, depriving it of the oxygen and nutrients it needs to survive, while leaving healthy tissue intact.

Chest Port Placement. Chest ports are very useful for giving medicines directly into a vein over a long period, including chemotherapy for the treatment of cancer. They are better than an intravenous (IV) line because a port can stay in place for months or even years, if needed; ports have a lower risk of infection over time than IVs, or other devices that stick out through the skin; and patients won’t need additional need needle sticks to get blood samples or to access their blood for treatments. These can be done through the port.

Tumor Thermal Ablation. Ablation is a treatment that destroys liver tumors without removing them. These techniques are used in patients with a few small tumors and when surgery is not a good option (often because of poor health or reduced liver function). Ablation is best used for tumors no larger than about 3 cm across (a little over an inch). For slightly larger tumors (3 to 5 cm across), it may be used along with embolization. 

 

 

Located at 1900 Silver Cross Blvd., New Lenox, IL 60451   Main Phone (815) 300-1100

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Physicians on Silver Cross Hospital’s Medical Staff have expertise in their areas of practice to meet the needs of patients seeking their care.  These physicians are independent practitioners on the Medical Staff and are not the agents or employees of Silver Cross Hospital. They treat patients based upon their independent medical judgment and they bill patients separately for their services.